Send to

Choose Destination
Virchows Arch. 2004 Jun;444(6):518-26. Epub 2004 Apr 16.

Expression and activity of matrix metalloproteinases-2 and -9 in serum, core needle biopsies and tissue specimens of prostate cancer patients.

Author information

University Hospital Mannheim, Department of Pathology, Mannheim, Germany.


Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men and second in the cancer-related frequency of mortality. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in tumor invasion and metastasis in various malignancies. MMP-2 and MMP-9 are capable of digesting collagen type IV. Numerous studies have demonstrated an association between increased MMP-2 and -9 expression and tumor progression in various tumors. In this study, the expression and activities of MMP-2 and -9 were assessed in serum probes and tumor tissue from core needle biopsies and radical prostatectomies of 97 patients. MMP-2 and -9 serum expression was analyzed in a subgroup of 31 patients. MMP-9 serum expression was significantly increased in tumor patients and correlated with tumor grade. In contrast, the MMP-9 tissue expression and activity revealed no significant correlations to tumor stage or grade. The MMP-2 activity, however, showed a positive correlation for MMP-2 with tumor stage. Increased activity was predominantly detected in advanced tumor stages. Immunohistochemical analysis of MMP-2 expression demonstrated a positive association with tumor grade in prostatectomy specimens. The relative expression rates in biopsies matched in 65% with those of the prostatectomies. Detection of MMP-2 in core needle biopsies seems not to be a helpful marker for diagnostic purposes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center