Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
DNA Repair (Amst). 2004 May 4;3(5):475-82.

The Werner syndrome protein has separable recombination and survival functions.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Box 357705, Seattle, WA 98195-7705, USA. swansonc@u.washington.edu

Abstract

The Werner syndrome (WS) protein WRN is unique in possessing a 3' to 5' exonuclease activity in addition to the 3' to 5' helicase activity characteristic of other RecQ proteins. In order to determine in vivo functions of the WRN catalytic activities and their roles in Werner syndrome pathogenesis, we quantified cell survival and homologous recombination after DNA damage in cells expressing WRN missense-mutant proteins that lacked exonuclease and/or helicase activity. Both WRN biochemical activities were required to generate viable recombinant daughter cells. In contrast, either activity was sufficient to promote cell survival after DNA damage in the absence of recombination. These results indicate that WRN has recombination and survival functions that can be separated by missense mutations. Two implications are that Werner syndrome most likely results from the loss of both activities and their associated functions from patient cells, and that WRN missense mutations or polymorphisms could promote genetic instability and cancer in the general population by selectively interfering with recombination in somatic cells.

PMID:
15084309
DOI:
10.1016/j.dnarep.2004.01.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center