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Parasitol Int. 2004 Jun;53(2):103-13.

Progress in the prevention and control of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis.

Author information

1
Parasitic Diseases and Vector Control, World Health Organization, Avenue Appia 20, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. saviolil@who.int

Abstract

In the last two decades important progress has been made in the understanding the epidemiology and the disease burden of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted nematodes infection. In addition, practical tools for disease control have been developed and a strategy for the prevention and control of morbidy of schistosomaisis and soil-transmitted nematodes infection has been endorsed by the World Health Organization. This paper presents the recent progress in the prevention and control of these infections: the estimates of chronic and subtle morbidity in high risk groups and the evidence that these chronic and severe sequelae of infections can be reversed by appropriate treatment; the use of anthelminthic drugs during pregnancy and lactation; the relevance to control morbidity due to these infections also in pre-school children; the efficacy of anthelminthic drugs and the possible threat of drug resistance; price, quality and accessibility of treatment by delivering drugs through the school system and ways of reaching also non-enrolled school-age children. Finally, the strategy, targets and recommendations of the World Health Organization for the control of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted nematodes infection are described.

PMID:
15081942
DOI:
10.1016/j.parint.2004.01.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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