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Mol Gen Genet. 1992 Aug;234(2):285-96.

Organization and regulation of the Bacillus subtilis odhAB operon, which encodes two of the subenzymes of the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex.

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1
Department of Bacteriology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

The primary structure of Bacillus subtilis 105 kDa 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (E10) was deduced from the nucleotide sequence of the odhA gene and confirmed by N-terminal sequence analysis. The protein is highly homologous to E1o of Azotobacter vinelandii and Escherichia coli and of bakers' yeast cells. The 5' end of the odhAB mRNA was determined and the promoter region for the odhAB operon was localized to a 375 bp DNA fragment. The cellular concentration of the 4.5 kb odhAB transcript was found to be growth stage dependent; its concentration during growth in nutrient sporulation medium decreased abruptly at the end of the exponential growth phase and it was not detectable in early stationary phase. This decrease in the cellular concentration of the transcript is not the result of an increased rate of decay of the full-length odhAB mRNA, suggesting that transcription is down-regulated at the end of the exponential growth phase. The cellular concentration of the odhA and odhB gene products, E1o and dihydrolipoamide transsuccinylase (E2o), remains essentially constant throughout the growth curve in nutrient sporulation medium, indicating that both are rather stable proteins. In exponentially growing cells, glucose in nutrient sporulation medium repressed the cellular concentration of the odhAB mRNA, as well as that of E1o and E2o, about four-fold. This effect is most likely the result of a decreased rate of transcription from the odhAB promoter, since neither the stability nor the 5'-end of the transcript were affected by glucose in the medium. It is concluded that the cellular concentration of the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex (E1o and E2o) is regulated mainly at the transcriptional level.

PMID:
1508153
DOI:
10.1007/bf00283849
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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