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Scand J Rheumatol. 2003;32(6):337-42.

Peptidylarginine deiminase, the arginine to citrulline converting enzyme, is frequently recognized by sera of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and primary Sjögren syndrome.

Author information

1
National Public Health Institute, Department of Molecular Medicine, Biomedicum, Helsinki, Finland. riikka.nissinen@ktl.fi

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Antibodies to citrulline-containing epitopes of filaggrin are highly specific for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We studied whether the enzyme peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD), responsible for the post-translational modification of peptide-bound arginine residues to citrulline, constitutes an antigen for patients with RA.

METHODS:

IgG antibodies to PAD were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in sera from patients with RA, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS), multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy controls.

RESULTS:

Compared to healthy controls, raised levels of IgG antibodies to PAD were found in 50 of 57 recent-onset RA patients (88%) and in 40 (70%) of the same 57 patients 3 years later (p<0.0001 for both comparisons). Eleven of 51 (22%) patients with RA of long duration, 19/43 (44%) patients with SLE and 16/19 (84%) patients with pSS, but none of 20 patients with MS, had elevated anti-PAD levels.

CONCLUSION:

The arginine-citrulline converting enzyme PAD was recognized as a new antigen against which patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases frequently show IgG class antibodies.

PMID:
15080264
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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