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J Occup Environ Med. 2004 Apr;46(4):398-412.

Health, absence, disability, and presenteeism cost estimates of certain physical and mental health conditions affecting U.S. employers.

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1
Institute for Health and Productivity Studies, Cornell University, USA.

Abstract

Evidence about the total cost of health, absence, short-term disability, and productivity losses was synthesized for 10 health conditions. Cost estimates from a large medical/absence database were combined with findings from several published productivity surveys. Ranges of condition prevalence and associated absenteeism and presenteeism (on-the-job-productivity) losses were used to estimate condition-related costs. Based on average impairment and prevalence estimates, the overall economic burden of illness was highest for hypertension ($392 per eligible employee per year), heart disease ($368), depression and other mental illnesses ($348), and arthritis ($327). Presenteeism costs were higher than medical costs in most cases, and represented 18% to 60% of all costs for the 10 conditions. Caution is advised when interpreting any particular source of data, and the need for standardization in future research is noted.

PMID:
15076658
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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