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J Mot Behav. 1988 Jun;20(2):106-16.

The force/force-variability relationship under controlled temporal conditions.

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1
Department of Kinesiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0354, USA.

Abstract

Previously, an inverted U relationship between force and force variability was demonstrated in both static and dynamic responses. Recent research suggests that the inverted U function may be due to a lack of control of the temporal aspects of the response. To investigate this hypothesis, we examined the relationship between force and force variability in rapid movements under controlled temporal conditions. Subjects (N = 4) made rapid reversal responses with a horizontal lever (using elbow flexion and extension) such that the time to reversal (160 ms) and the distance to reversal (45 degrees ) were held constant in each of six load conditions (either 0,.260,.780, 1.040, or 1.560 kg added to the lever). When time to reversal and time to peak acceleration were held constant, a curvilinear relationship between force and force variability resulted, suggesting that the inverted U function is related to control of the temporal aspects of the response.

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