Send to

Choose Destination
Urology. 2004 Apr;63(4):786-90.

HER-2/neu protein overexpression and gene amplification in human transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder.

Author information

Department of Urology, Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois, USA.



To assess HER-2/neu gene status by fluorescence in situ hybridization and protein expression by immunohistochemistry in human bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). In breast carcinoma, HER-2/neu gene amplification and receptor protein overexpression are tightly correlated and have prognostic and therapeutic implications.


We used 54 randomly selected TCC specimens obtained from 1998 to 2000. Each specimen was fixated in 10% neutral-buffered formalin and embedded in paraffin. Of the 54 specimens, 7 were grade 1 (13%), 26 were grade 2 (48%), and 21 were grade 3 (39%); 36 (67%) were superficial (Stage Ta or T1) and 18 (33%) were invasive (Stage T2 or T3). The specimens were analyzed for HER-2/neu protein overexpression by immunohistochemistry and for gene amplification using fluorescence in situ hybridization.


Of the 54 specimens, 14 (26%) were positive for protein overexpression. One (14%) of the 7 grade 1 tumors was positive for protein overexpression, 3 (12%) of 26 grade 2 tumors were positive, and 10 (48%) of 21 grade 3 tumors were positive (P = 0.0195). Six (17%) of 36 Stage Ta or T1 specimens and 8 (44%) of 18 Stage T2 or T3 specimens were positive for protein overexpression (P = 0.01). None of the 54 TCC specimens showed amplification of the HER-2/neu gene using fluorescence in situ hybridization.


HER-2/neu protein overexpression is present in human bladder TCC, with a statistically significant increase in overexpression in grade 3, and invasive specimens. Gene amplification does not appear to be the mechanism of protein overexpression. The prognostic significance of these findings and the application of HER-2/neu in treatment needs additional investigation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center