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J Toxicol Sci. 1992 May;17(2):81-90.

Behavioral evaluation of psycho-pharmacological and psychotoxic actions of methylxanthines by ambulatory activity and discrete avoidance in mice.

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1
Division for Behavior Analysis, Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan.

Abstract

The behavioral effects of methylxanthines, caffeine, theophylline and theobromine, were compared by means of ambulatory activity and discrete lever-press avoidance response in mice. The single oral administration of 10-100 mg/kg of caffeine, 30-300 mg/kg of theophylline, and 10 mg/kg of theobromine significantly increased the mouse's ambulatory activity. However, 1000 mg/kg of theobromine decreased the activity. The ambulation-increasing effect of methamphetamine (2 mg/kg s.c.) was enhanced by coadministration with caffeine (3-100 mg/kg), theophylline (10-300 mg/kg), and theobromine (10-100 mg/kg). On the other hand, comparatively higher doses of caffeine (up to 30 mg/kg) slightly but significantly decreased the avoidance rate without eliciting any significant change in the response rate. Theobromine significantly decreased the response rate at higher than 300 mg/kg, and the avoidance rate at higher than 100 mg/kg. Furthermore, 1000 mg/kg of theobromine was much toxic for mice, i.e., half mice died within a few hr after the end of the 1-hr avoidance session. Theophylline did not produce any significant change in the avoidance response at the dose range of 3-300 mg/kg. These results may indicate the relative order of the centrally stimulant and/or behavioral toxic actions of methylxanthines in human.

PMID:
1507275
DOI:
10.2131/jts.17.81
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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