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J Mol Endocrinol. 2004 Apr;32(2):397-414.

Estrogen regulation in human breast cancer cells of new downstream gene targets involved in estrogen metabolism, cell proliferation and cell transformation.

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EMI 0229 INSERM, Centre de Recherche CRLC Val d'Aurelle, Montpellier, France.


We explored, by cDNA mini-arrays, gene expression measurements of MVLN, a human breast carcinoma cell line derived from MCF-7, after 4 days of exposure to 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) treatment, in order to extend our understanding of the mechanism of the pharmacological action of estrogens. We focused on 22 genes involved in estrogen metabolism, cell proliferation regulation and cell transformation. The specificity of the E(2) response was reinforced by comparison with 4-hydroxytamoxifen (OH-Tam), ICI 182,780 and E(2)+OH-Tam expression profiles. Real-time quantitative PCR (RTQ-PCR) confirmed the variation of expression of known (TFF1, AREG, IRS1, IGFBP4, PCNA, ERBB2, CTSD, MYC) as well as novel (DLEU2, CCNA2, UGT1A1, ABCC3, ABCC5, TACC1, EFNA1, NOV, CSTA, MMP15, ZNF217) genes. The temporal response of these gene expression regulations was then investigated after 6 and 18 h of E(2) treatment and this allowed the identification of different time-course patterns. Cycloheximide treatment studies indicated first that estrogen affected the transcript levels of ABCC3 and ABCC5 through dissimilar pathways, and secondly that protein synthesis was needed for modulation of the expression of the CCNA2 and TACC1 genes by estrogens. Western blot analysis performed on TFF1, IRS1, IGFBP4, amphiregulin, PCNA, cyclin A2, TACC1 and ABCC5 proteins confirmed the mini-array and RTQ-PCR data, even for genes harboring low variations of mRNA expression. Our findings should enhance the understanding of changes induced by E(2) on the transcriptional program of human E(2)-responsive cells and permit the identification of new potential diagnostic/prognostic tools for the monitoring of estrogen-related disease conditions such as breast cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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