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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Apr 20;101(16):6009-14. Epub 2004 Apr 6.

Receptor-mediated regulation of the TRPM7 channel through its endogenous protein kinase domain.

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1
Laboratory of Cell and Molecular Signaling, Center for Biomedical Research, The Queen's Medical Center and John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA.

Abstract

TRPM7 is a ubiquitously expressed and constitutively active divalent cation-selective ion channel, whose basal activity is regulated by intracellular levels of Mg(2+) and Mg.ATP. We have investigated receptor-mediated mechanisms that may actively regulate TRPM7 activity. We here report that TRPM7 currents are suppressed by intracellular GTPgammaS, suggesting the involvement of heterotrimeric G proteins. TRPM7 currents are also inhibited by stimulating endogenous muscarinic receptors, which is mediated by G(i) because the inhibitory effect is blunted by pertussis toxin. Conversely, stimulation of endogenous G(s)-coupled beta-adrenergic receptors potentiates TRPM7 currents, whereas G(q)-coupled thrombin receptors have little effect. Consistent with the involvement of G(s)/G(i) in controlling adenylyl cyclase activity, elevations of intracellular cAMP levels enhance TRPM7 activity and prevent receptor-mediated modulation of TRPM7 activity by muscarinic and adrenergic agonists. This cAMP-dependent effect requires the functional integrity of both protein kinase A (PKA) and the endogenous kinase domain of TRPM7 because cAMP-mediated effects are abolished when treating cells with the PKA inhibitors H89 or KT5720 as well as in cells expressing phosphotransferase-deficient TRPM7 constructs. These mutant channels are also much less susceptible to GTPgammaS-mediated inhibition, suggesting that the main regulatory effect occurs through G(i)- and G(s)-mediated changes in cAMP. Taken together, our results demonstrate that TRPM7 activity is up- and down-regulated through its endogenous kinase in a cAMP- and PKA-dependent manner.

PMID:
15069188
PMCID:
PMC395914
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.0307565101
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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