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Physiol Genomics. 2004 Jun 17;18(1):51-62. Epub 2004 Jun 17.

Evaluation of the host transcriptional response to human cytomegalovirus infection.

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1
Bioscience Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA.

Abstract

Gene expression data from human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-infected cells were analyzed using DNA-Chip Analyzer (dChip) followed by singular value decomposition (SVD) and compared with a previous analysis of the same data that employed GeneChip software and a fold change filtering approach. dChip and SVD analysis revealed two clusters of coexpressed human genes responding differently to HCMV infection: one containing some genes identified previously, and another that was largely unique to this analysis. Annotating these genes, we identified several functional categories important to host cell responses to HCMV infection. These categories included genes involved in transcriptional regulation, oncogenesis, and cell cycle regulation, which were more prevalent in cluster 1, and genes involved in immune system regulation, signal transduction, and cell adhesion, which were more prevalent in cluster 2. Within these categories, we found genes involved in the host response to HCMV infection (mainly in cluster 1), as well as genes targeted by HCMV's immune evasion strategies (mainly in cluster 2). As the second group of genes identified by the dChip and SVD approach was statistically and biologically significant, our results point out the advantages of using different methods to analyze gene expression data.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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