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J Pharm Sci. 2004 May;93(5):1154-64.

In vitro/in vivo correlation studies for transdermal delta 8-THC development.

Author information

1
Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536-0082, USA.

Abstract

The present study was carried out in order to develop a transdermal therapeutic system (TTS) for Delta(8)-THC. The in vitro permeability studies of Delta(8)-THC in human skin and hairless guinea pig skin with and without a rate-controlling membrane were conducted in flow-through diffusion cells. Delta(8)-THC pharmacokinetic parameters were determined after topical application of transdermal patches and intravenous administration in guinea pigs. The in vitro results indicated that there was no significant difference in the mean flux or in the permeability coefficient of Delta(8)-THC in human skin versus hairless guinea pig skin. The flux of Delta(8)-THC through the human skin/membrane composite was not significantly lower than that through the hairless guinea pig skin/membrane composite; and the skin controlled the Delta(8)-THC delivery rate. Intravenous doses of Delta(8)-THC followed a two-compartment model with a significant distribution phase. On application of the TTS patch, the plasma concentration of Delta(8)-THC reached a mean steady-state level of 4.4 ng/mL within 1.4 h and was maintained for at least 48 h. Significant amounts of metabolites were observed in the plasma after topical application. The in vitro-study predicted plasma concentration following application of the transdermal patch was in agreement with the observed guinea pig plasma concentrations of Delta(8)-THC.

PMID:
15067692
DOI:
10.1002/jps.20036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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