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Urologe A. 2004 Jun;43(6):698-707.

[Endoscopic extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy. Results after 300 procedures].

[Article in German]

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Klinik und Poliklinik f├╝r Urologie, Universit├Ątsklinikum Leipzig.


During the last decade laparoscopy has become the standard technique in the urologist's armamentarium due to constant technological advancements and refinements. Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRPE), although technically demanding and associated with a considerable learning curve, has become the operative procedure of choice for patients with clinically localized prostate cancer in selected and specialized urologic centers around the globe. However, a major drawback of LRPE is the transperitoneal route of access to the extraperitoneal organ of the prostate. The principal disadvantages of LRPE are potential intraperitoneal complications. Endoscopic extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy (EERPE) is a further advancement of minimally invasive surgery as it overcomes the limitations of LRPE by the strictly extraperitoneal route of access. Based on our growing experience with this procedure we introduce several technical modifications, improvements, and refinements including a nerve-sparing, potency-preserving approach (nEERPE) in an effort to further improve this minimally invasive procedure. We report our short-term follow-up results after 300 procedures. The mean operative times were 115 min without and 150 min with lymph node dissection, in total 140 min (range: 60-260 min). There was no conversion and the transfusion rate was 1.3%. There were three early reinterventions (two bleeding and one hematoma) and five late reinterventions (four symptomatic lymphoceles and one colostomy due to a rectal fistula). Pathological stage was pT2a in 54 patients (18%), pT2b in 87 patients (29%), pT3a in 115 patients (38.3%), pT3b in 40 patients (13.3%), and pT4 in 4 patients (1.3%). Positive surgical margins were found in 9.2% (13/141) of patients with pT2 tumor and 30.3% (47/155) of patients with pT3 tumor. The mean catheterization time was 6.9 days. Six and twelve months postoperatively 86.3 and 89.6% of the patients were completely continent; 9.2% of patients needed 1-2 pads per day and 4.5 and 1.2% of patients needed more than 2 pads per day, respectively. Short-term oncological and functional results of EERPE are at least as favorable as in LRPE while operative times are shorter and complication rates are low. EERPE is a technical advancement because it combines the advantages of a totally extraperitoneal access with the advantages of a minimally invasive procedure.

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