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Int J Oncol. 2004 May;24(5):1181-8.

Enhanced therapeutic effects of doxorubicin and paclitaxel in combination with liposome-entrapped ends-modified raf antisense oligonucleotide against human prostate, lung and breast tumor models.

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Department of Radiation Medicine, Georgetown University Medical Center, NW, Washington, DC 20057, USA.


Raf-1 protein kinase plays an important role in cell growth, proliferation and cell survival. We have previously described the use of liposome-entrapped antisense raf oligonucleotide (LErafAON) to inhibit Raf-1 expression resulting in tumor growth inhibition and radiosensitization. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the chemosensitization effects of LErafAON in combination with doxorubicin or paclitaxel on a panel of human tumor xenografts. LErafAON (25.0 mg/kg i.v. x 10) displayed significant antitumor activity (P<0.05) when administered as a single agent in prostate (PC-3), lung (A549) and breast (MDA-MB 231) carcinoma models. Doxorubicin (1.0-4.0 mg/kg i.v. per week x 3) and paclitaxel (1.0-4.0 mg/kg i.v. on alternate days x 3) were administered as single agents at non-toxic doses that led to only minimal to moderate antitumor activity. However, a combination of LErafAON with doxorubicin or paclitaxel led to significantly enhanced antitumor activity in all the tumor types tested (PC-3, P<0.03; A549, P<0.035; MDA-MB 231, P<0.045) as compared with LErafAON alone or chemotherapeutic agents alone treated groups. This effect of chemosensitization appeared to be sequence-specific because a mismatch control oligonucleotide continued to show significant tumor growth. Additionally, no inhibition in Raf-1 expression in MDA-MB 231 tumor tissue was observed with mismatch oligonucleotide treatment. On the other hand, LErafAON treatment led to >75% inhibition of Raf-1 expression in tumor tissue. These preclinical observations support the use of LErafAON in combination with chemotherapeutic agents to improve the treatment of human cancers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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