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J Hum Evol. 2004 Apr;46(4):467-87.

The expert Neandertal mind.

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Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, CO 80933-7150, USA.


Cognitive neuropsychology, cognitive anthropology, and cognitive archaeology are combined to yield a picture of Neandertal cognition in which expert performance via long-term working memory is the centerpiece of problem solving. This component of Neandertal cognition appears to have been modern in scope. However, Neandertals' working memory capacity, which is the ability to hold a variety of information in active attention, may not have been as large as that of modern humans. This characteristic helps us understand features of the archaeological record, such as the rarity of innovation, and allows us to make empirically based speculations about Neandertal personality.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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