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Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2004 May-Jun;38(3):221-37.

Development of a conceptual framework for the assessment of geriatric rehabilitation outcomes.

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Research Center, Montreal Geriatric University Institute, Que., Canada.


The objective of the study was to develop a conceptual framework of key assessment areas for the evaluation of rehabilitation outcomes in older persons. The study was designed in four stages. First, a review of the literature generated a list of 84 potential outcome variables. Second, semi-structured interviews were conducted with older adults informants (n = 19) to record their thoughts about important rehabilitation outcomes. From the analyses of the transcripts, 20 recurrent themes became apparent. Third, relevant assessment areas were determined based on the merged data from the literature and the interviews. Fourth, a focus group was held with a panel of eight interdisciplinary experts with strong involvement in geriatric rehabilitation to evaluate, improve, and validate the preliminary work. As a result of the study, the conceptual framework for the assessment of geriatric rehabilitation outcomes (FAGRO) is composed of four primary outcome domains related to important activities for community-living older persons: mobility activities, basic activities of daily living, activities of independent living, and leisure activities. The models also allows for four brief evaluations of underlying functioning components, including: physical functioning, psychological functioning, social functioning, and factors related to the caregiver status and available resources. The model has the potential to become a valuable additional tool for outcome assessment, researched and developed specifically for geriatric rehabilitation.

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