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Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2004 Apr;16 Suppl 1:39-43.

Submucosal secretomotor and vasodilator reflexes.

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GIDRU, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.


The presence of neuronal reflexes within the intestine that modulate mucosal ion secretion and blood flow have been recognized for many years, but the organization of these reflexes was unclear. This review highlights important findings from recent in vitro guinea-pig studies which have shown that both intrinsic primary afferent neurones (IPANs) and extrinsic primary afferent neurones (EPANs) can respond to chemical and/or mechanical stimuli to activate pathways, the afferent and efferent elements of which are confined to the walls of the intestine. Enteric neuronal pathways involve both myenteric and submucosal plexus neurones whereas capsaicin-sensitive afferent nerves evoke secretion by stimulating submucosal secretomotor neurones and vasodilation by direct actions on the submucosal arterioles. In this review, the cellular mechanisms involved in these pathways are described and the implications of these findings are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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