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Psychol Aging. 2004 Mar;19(1):134-44.

Part-set cuing effects in younger and older adults.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA. emarsh@psych.duke.edu

Abstract

In 3 experiments, the authors examined part-set cuing effects in younger and older adults. Participants heard lists of category exemplars and later recalled them. Recall was uncued or cued with a subset of studied items. In Experiment 1, participants were cued with some of the category names, and they remembered fewer never-cued categories than a free-recall condition. In Experiment 2, a similar effect was observed for category exemplar cues. There was also an age difference: By some measures, a small number of cues impaired older adults more than younger. Experiment 3 replicated this result and found that older adults were disproportionately slow in the presence of cues. Across experiments, older adults showed robust part-set cuing effects, and sometimes, they were disproportionately impaired by cues.

PMID:
15065937
DOI:
10.1037/0882-7974.19.1.134
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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