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Psychol Aging. 2004 Mar;19(1):27-39.

A meta-analytic review of prospective memory and aging.

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1
School of Psychology, King's College, University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom. j.d.henry@abdn.ac.uk

Abstract

A meta-analysis of prospective memory (PM) studies revealed that in laboratory settings younger participants outperform older participants on tests of both time- and event-based PM (rs=-.39 and -.34, respectively). Event-based PM tasks that impose higher levels of controlled strategic demand are associated with significantly larger age effects than event-based PM tasks that are supported by relatively more automatic processes (rs=-.40 vs. -.14, respectively). However, contrary to the prevailing view in the literature, retrospective memory as measured by free recall is associated with significantly greater age-related decline (r=-.52) than PM, and older participants perform substantially better than their younger counterparts in naturalistic PM studies (rs=.35 and.52 for event- and time-based PM, respectively).

PMID:
15065929
DOI:
10.1037/0882-7974.19.1.27
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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