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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004 Apr;36(4):717-24.

Reproducibility of endurance performance on a treadmill using a preloaded time trial.

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Department of Human Studies, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.



The purpose of this study was to establish a highly reproducible test to measure endurance performance in runners.


We evaluated the reproducibility of endurance performance during a 10-km time trial performed on a treadmill after a 90-min preload run at 65% of maximal oxygen uptake VO2max). After screening and a practice test, eight endurance runners (4 men, 4 women, 33.4 +/- 10.1 yr, VO2max = 60.3 +/- 6.3 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1) in men and 51.8 +/- 2.2 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1) in women, mean +/- SD) completed two preloaded time trial tests spaced 3-4 wk apart in men and one menstrual cycle apart in women. A high-carbohydrate diet (15% protein, 10% fat, 75% carbohydrate) was provided the day before both tests.


Runners completed time trial 1 and time trial 2 in 45:41 +/- 4:45 and 45:24 +/- 5:03 min:s, respectively (43:29 +/- 5:02 and 43:12 +/- 5:14 min:s for men and 47:53 +/- 3:47 and 47:35 +/- 4:23 min:s for women, trials 1 and 2, respectively). The within-subject coefficient of variation for 10-km time was 1.00% +/- 0.25% (point estimate +/- estimated standard error) (0.54% +/- 0.19% for men and 1.26% +/- 0.45% for women).


These results suggest that performance measured as time to complete a 10-km time trial on a treadmill after a 90-min preload is extremely reliable and may be useful for future research assessing the effect of diet, ergogenic substances, or training methods on endurance running performance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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