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Peptides. 2004 Feb;25(2):307-14.

Functional opioid pathways are necessary for hypocretin-1 (orexin-A)-induced feeding.

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Minnesota Obesity Center, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA.


We investigated the interaction of the orexigenic neuropeptide, hypocretin-1 (Hcrt-1, also known as orexin-A), with endogenous opioids (also orexigenic neuropeptides). Rats were injected with naltrexone (NTX, nonspecific opioid antagonist) i.p., i.c.v., in the lateral hypothalamus (LH), and in the accumbens shell (AcbSh), and naloxone methiodide (nonspecific opioid antagonist unable to cross the blood brain barrier) was injected i.p. Rats were then injected with Hcrt-1 in the LH. Food intake was measured for up to 4h thereafter. Rats were also pretreated with NTX in the LH, with Hcrt-1 injected in the AcbSh. NTX suppressed Hcrt-1-induced feeding only when injected i.p., i.c.v., and in the AcbSh. These studies reveal the necessity for functional central opioidergic pathways involving the AcbSh, but not the LH in Hcrt-1-induced feeding.

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