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Forensic Sci Int. 2004 May 10;141(2-3):73-5.

Asphyxia due to pacifiers--case report and review of the literature.

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Institut für Gerichtliche Medizin der Universität Tübingen, Nägelestrasse 5, D-72074 Tübingen, Germany.


Pacifiers and bottle nipples entail the risk of asphyxia when they are swallowed, self-made or have become porous, or when used by older children whose teeth and chewing musculature have developed beyond the suckling stage. A further danger lies in the various devices used to tie the pacifier to the child, as they can cause strangulation. On the basis of this first case of a 2-year-old biting off a piece of her pacifier and fatally aspirating it, we point to the dangers and security requirements related to pacifiers and bottle nipples, and give a review of the related literature.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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