Send to

Choose Destination
Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2004 Feb;37(1):25-44, v.

Recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis: anatomy and etiology.

Author information

Department of Otolaryngology and Communicative Disorders, The Long Island Jewish Medical Center, The Long Island Campus of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 270-05 76th Avenue, Suite 1120, New Hyde Park, NY 11040, USA.


Etiologies of adult vocal paralysis are varied by the site of the lesion as well as the extent and cause of the damage. Most large series point to surgery and neoplastic causes for recurrent nerve paralysis. A detailed history is important when working up a patient with this voice disorder. Knowledge of the anatomy of the head, neck, and chest as well as the mechanisms behind vocal fold paralysis is essential in the evaluation and treatment of recurrent nerve paralysis. Many of the surgical and traumatic causes of hoarseness are from compression type injuries. Recovery is dependent on the type, extent, and site of nerve lesion. Familiarity with this data allows the otolaryngologist to tailor management to suit each patient with vocal fold paralysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center