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Diagnosis and treatment of otitis media in dogs and cats.

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Animal Hospital of Montgomery, 3310 Atlanta Highway, Montgomery, AL 36109, USA.


Otitis externa/media is commonly found in dogs with chronic ear diseases and in cats with upper respiratory disease and polyps. Diagnosis of otitis media requires attention to history and clinical signs, but it also requires other methods of determining disease within the bulla. If the integrity of the eardrum cannot be determined, assume that there is middle ear disease and proceed accordingly. It is prudent to take necessary precautions to avoid the use of potentially ototoxic ear cleaners or topical medications in suspected otitis media cases. Therapeutic success is possible using systemic and topical treatment within the cleaned bulla. Referral to a dermatology specialist or a radiologist for a CT scan may be indicated in some refractory cases. Surgical intervention may be required to cure these difficult cases.

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