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Causes of otitis externa.

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Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1314, USA.


Dogs with long-standing, chronic, recurrent otitis externa often represent one of the most frustrating types of problems in daily clinical practice. The important aspect of this discussion is that the clinician may be presented with a patient in which the primary chief complaint is otitis externa but a wide variety of disease processes may be causing the problem, including various combinations of the primary, predisposing, and perpetuating causes as discussed previously. The use of a thorough history and general and dermatologic physical examinations often leads the clinician to establish a systematic approach to identify the specific underlying problems. Until this is accomplished, the recurrent nature of the otitis externa will remain as a persistent problem.

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