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J Gerontol Nurs. 2004 Mar;30(3):34-9.

Planning HIV education programs for older adults: cultural implications.

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Thomas Jefferson University, Jefferson College of Health Professionals, Department of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA.


In this article the author discusses a needs assessment, through the use of discussion groups of various cultures, exploring the perceptions and attitudes of older adults about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and HIV education. Five discussion groups (one with Latino older adults, two with African-American older adults, one with White older adults, and one with Chinese-American older adults) were conducted. Semi-structured guiding questions were used with all groups. The questions centered on three major areas: perceptions of older adults and HIV and AIDS, use of condoms for HIV and AIDS prevention, and HIV prevention programs for older adults. The group sessions were approximately 1 hour, were recorded on tape, and were transcribed. The sessions were conducted in the languages of the target population. Because the project was a needs assessment for program development, the number of participants in each cultural discussion group was small, and the nurse group leaders were not experienced in focus group methodology themes and generalizations cannot be made. However, specific findings from the group sessions and recommendations for HIV prevention are presented for further exploration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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