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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2004 Aug;287(2):H595-600. Epub 2004 Apr 1.

Cannabinoid antagonist SR-141716 inhibits endotoxic hypotension by a cardiac mechanism not involving CB1 or CB2 receptors.

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National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-8115, USA.


Endocannabinoids and CB1 receptors have been implicated in endotoxin (LPS)-induced hypotension: LPS stimulates the synthesis of anandamide in macrophages, and the CB1 antagonist SR-141716 inhibits the hypotension induced by treatment of rats with LPS or LPS-treated macrophages. Recent evidence indicates the existence of cannabinoid receptors distinct from CB1 or CB2 that are inhibited by SR-141716 but not by other CB1 antagonists such as AM251. In pentobarbital-anesthetized rats, intravenous injection of 10 mg/kg LPS elicited hypotension associated with profound decreases in cardiac contractility, moderate tachycardia, and an increase in lower body vascular resistance. Pretreatment with 3 mg/kg SR-141716 prevented the hypotension and decrease in cardiac contractility, slightly attenuated the increase in peripheral resistance, and had no effect on the tachycardia caused by LPS, whereas pretreatment with 3 mg/kg AM251 did not affect any of these responses. SR-141716 also elicited an acute reversal of the hypotension and decreased contractility when administered after the response to LPS had fully developed. The LPS-induced hypotension and its inhibition by SR-141716 were similar in pentobarbital-anesthetized wild-type, CB1(-/-), and CB1(-/-)/CB2(-/-) mice. We conclude that SR-141716 inhibits the acute hemodynamic effects of LPS by interacting with a cardiac receptor distinct from CB1 or CB2 that mediates negative inotropy and may be activated by anandamide or a related endocannabinoid released during endotoxemia.

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