Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Acoust Soc Am. 2004 Mar;115(3):1296-305.

Detection of speech landmarks: use of temporal information.

Author information

1
Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Maryland, A. V. Williams Building, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA. ariel@speech.mit.edu

Abstract

Studies by Shannon et al. [Science, 270, 303-304 (1995)], Van Tasell et al. [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 82, 1152-1161 (1987)], and others show that human listeners can understand important aspects of the speech signal when spectral shape has been significantly degraded. These experiments suggest that temporal information is particularly important in human speech perception when the speech signal is heavily degraded. In this study, a system is developed that extracts linguistically relevant temporal information that can be used in the front end of an automatic speech recognition system. The parameters targeted include energy onset and offsets (computed using an adaptive algorithm) and measures of periodic and aperiodic content; together these are used to find abrupt acoustic events which signify landmarks. Overall detection rates for strongly robust events, robust events, and weak events in a portion of the TIMIT test database are 98.9%, 94.7%, and 52.1%, respectively. Error rates increase by less than 5% when the speech signals are spectrally impoverished. Use of the four temporal parameters as the front end of a hidden Markov model (HMM)-based system for the automatic recognition of the manner classes "sonorant," "fricative," "stop," and "silence" results in the same recognition accuracy achieved when the standard 39 cepstral-based parameters are used, 70.1%. The combination of the temporal parameters and cepstral parameters results in an accuracy of 74.8%.

PMID:
15058352
DOI:
10.1121/1.1646400
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Institute of Physics
Loading ...
Support Center