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Horm Metab Res. 2004 Mar;36(3):136-41.

Ciliary motility in bovine oviducts for sensing rapid non-genomic reactions upon exposure to progesterone.

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Research Division of Gynecology, University Hospital Zurich, Frauenklinikstrasse, Zurich, Switzerland.


Based on the expression of hormone receptors, oviductal cells receive a series of signals to control the conduit and transport of gametes. Most cells in the inner oviductal mucosa have motile cilia, and the mucociliary system of oviducts represents a prominent object of study for rapid feedback after application of steroid hormones. Using a high-speed reflectometry method, we investigated effects on the ciliary beat frequency (CBF) of bovine oviductal explants after progesterone treatment. To classify changes of CBF as either classic or non-classic reactions, we pretreated primary tissue cultures with mifepristone, an antagonist to the classic progesterone receptor in a second experimental series. In contrast to classical genomic reactions, non-classic or non-genomic reactions are characterized by fast effects, insensitive to the classic receptor antagonist. We observed inhibitory effects on the ciliary beat frequency as soon as 15 minutes after application of progesterone (20 microM), reaching a plateau of about 11 % after 90 minutes. Pretreatment with mifepristone (20 microM) for two hours did not induce significant differences in short-term reactions. However, the inhibitory influence of progesterone after 24 hours could be effectively prevented. Our data confirmed the short-term reaction of CBF as non-genomic or non-classic.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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