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Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2004 Jan-Feb;46(1):51-4. Epub 2004 Mar 29.

Burkholderia pseudomallei: a case report of a human infection in Ceará, Brazil.

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Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública, Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil.


Burkholderia pseudomallei has rarely been isolated from environmental and clinical specimens in South America, particularly, in Brazil. This report describes a case of melioidosis with fulminant sepsis in a 10 year old boy, from rural area, in Tejuçuoca, State of Ceará, Brazil. Blood samples were positive and, through the analysis of results from biochemical tests and of drugs susceptibility profile, identified this gram-negative bacillus as B. pseudomallei. The contamination source remains obscure in this case, as soil and water tanks samples submitted to microbiological analyses did not indicate the presence of B. pseudomallei.

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