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EMBO J. 2004 May 5;23(9):1943-8. Epub 2004 Apr 1.

Spt3 and Mot1 cooperate in nucleosome remodeling independently of TBP recruitment.

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Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, FORTH, Crete, Greece.


We have investigated the requirements for nucleosome remodeling upon transcriptional induction of the GAL1 promoter. We found that remodeling was dependent on two SAGA complex components, Gcn5 and Spt3. The involvement of the latter was surprising as its function has been suggested to be directly involved in TATA-binding protein (TBP) recruitment. We demonstrated that this novel function was in fact independent of TBP recruitment and this was further validated using a Gal4-driven synthetic promoter. Most importantly, we showed that the involvement of Spt3 in chromatin remodeling was independent of transcription, as it was also observed for a nonpromoter nucleosome located next to an activator-binding site. In an effort to explore how the Spt3 function was elicited, we found that Mot1, an ATPase of the Snf2 family that genetically interacts with Spt3, was also required for nucleosome remodeling independently of TBP recruitment. Interestingly enough, Spt3 and Mot1 were recruited on the GAL1 promoter as well as on the nonpromoter site in an interdependent manner. These findings show that the two proteins cooperate in nucleosomal transactions.

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