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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2004 Mar;68(3):516-22.

Electron acquisition system constructed from an NAD-independent D-lactate dehydrogenase and cytochrome c2 in Rhodopseudomonas palustris No. 7.

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Department of Bioresources Science, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Matsudo-shi, Chiba University, Japan.


The activities of NAD-independent D- and L-lactate dehydrogenases (D-LDH, L-LDH) were detected in Rhodopseudomonas palustris No. 7 grown photoanaerobically on lactate. One of these enzymes, D-LDH, was purified as an electrophoretically homogeneous protein (M(r), about 235,000; subunit M(r) about 57,000). The pI was 5.0. The optimum pH and temperature of the enzyme were pH 8.5 and 50 degrees C, respectively. The Km of the enzyme for D-lactate was 0.8 mM. The enzyme had narrow substrate specificity (D-lactate and DL-2-hydroxybutyrate). The enzymatic activity was competitively inhibited by oxalate (Ki, 0.12 mM). The enzyme contained a FAD cofactor. Cytochrome c(2) was purified from strain No. 7 as an electrophoretically homogeneous protein. Its pI was 9.4. Cytochrome c(2) was reduced by incubating with D-LDH and D-lactate.

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