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Int J Clin Pract. 2004 Feb;58(2):130-8.

Primary prevention of coronary heart disease in general practice: a cross sectional population study.

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Department of General Practice, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.


The aim of this study was to assess the interventions by general practitioners on cardiovascular risk factors among persons without a history of cardiovascular disease attending for a cardiovascular check-up. All inhabitants of three Belgian towns aged between 45 and 64 years were invited for a cardiovascular check-up and blood test. Of all the attending persons without a history of cardiovascular disease (n = 898), 51% received at least one prescription, diet or health advice: 28% for hyperlipidaemia, 23% for physical activity, 22% for caloric intake, 9% for blood sugar, 5% for blood pressure and 4% for smoking. Interventions on lipoproteins, blood sugar and smoking habits were significantly more often proposed to persons with a medium or high cardiovascular risk compared to those at low cardiovascular risk. For persons at low cardiovascular risk, therapeutic lifestyle changes are often not advised, and isolated risk factors often remain untreated.

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