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Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004 Oct;58(10):1429-31.

Effect of breast milk of diabetic mothers on bodyweight of the offspring in the first year of life.

Author information

1
Department of Perinatology and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands. a.kerssen@azu.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

There is increasing evidence that in healthy populations, breast-fed infants are leaner than formula-fed infants. It is of interest to know the effects of breast-feeding on infant weight in case of maternal diabetes, given the high incidence of fetal macrosomia and risk of childhood obesity in this population.

DESIGN AND SUBJECTS:

As part of a nation-wide study in the Netherlands on diabetes and pregnancy, 229 women with Type 1 diabetes were sent a questionnaire on weight and height of their infant, the type of nutrition given during the first 6 weeks of life, the duration of lactation and intercurrent diseases during the first year of life.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:

Our data show no significant difference between breast-,formula-, and mixed-fed infants in weight and body mass index (BMI) at 1 y of age, which is not in accordance with the findings in nondiabetic populations.

PMID:
15054417
DOI:
10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601977
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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