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J Dent. 2004 May;32(4):295-9.

The effect of hydrogen peroxide concentration on the outcome of tooth whitening: an in vitro study.

Author information

1
Division of Restorative Dentistry, University of Bristol Dental School, Lower Maudlin Street, Bristol BS1 2LY, UK.

Abstract

AIM:

This in vitro study examined the effect that various concentration of hydrogen peroxide (5-35%) had on tooth whitening.

METHOD:

Extracted third molars were sectioned and stained using a standardised tea solution to Vita shade C4. These stained specimens were then bleached with a series of gels containing 5, 10, 15 or 25% w/w hydrogen peroxide. Each specimen was bleached for a number of sessions with one session being defined as 3 x 10 min exposure.

RESULTS:

The number of applications of the various concentrations of bleaching gel varied from 12 applications for the 5% gel to one application for the 35% gel. Plotting the number of applications against hydrogen peroxide concentration showed an exponential response curve.

CONCLUSIONS:

The concentration of hydrogen peroxide in a proprietary bleaching gel had a marked effect on the number of applications required to produce an optimal shade outcome.

PMID:
15053912
DOI:
10.1016/j.jdent.2004.01.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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