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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2004 Apr;86(4):599-614.

Thin slices of behavior as cues of personality and intelligence.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Martin-Luther Universitat, Halle, Germany. p.borkenau@psych.uni-halle.de

Abstract

Self-reports, peer reports, intelligence tests, and ratings of personality and intelligence from 15 videotaped episodes were collected for 600 participants. The average cross-situational consistency of trait impressions across the 15 episodes was .43. Shared stereotypes related to gender and age were mostly accurate and contributed little to agreement among judges. Agreement was limited mainly by nonshared meaning systems and by nonoverlapping information. Personality inferences from thin slices of behavior were significantly associated with reports by knowledgeable informants. This association became stronger when more episodes were included, but gains in prediction were low beyond 6 episodes. Inferences of intelligence from thin slices of behavior strongly predicted intelligence test scores. A particularly strong single predictor was how persons read short sentences.

PMID:
15053708
DOI:
10.1037/0022-3514.86.4.599
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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