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Adolescence. 2003 Winter;38(152):651-7.

Validation of health locus of control patterns in Swedish adolescents.

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Växjö University, S-35195 Växjö, Sweden.


The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationships between Health Locus of Control (HLOC) questionnaire subscales (Internal, Powerful Others, Chance) and self-esteem in Swedish adolescents (N = 506). Results from traditional correlational analyses were compared with findings using an alternative method of clustering individuals according to their pattern of scores on the three HLOC subscales. One-way analysis of variance, with eight possible groupings of high and/or low scores on the three subscales, indicated that those with a combination of strong belief in internal control of health, high degree of belief that health is determined by powerful others, and low degree of belief that health is a function of chance/luck had better self-esteem than those with a quite opposite pattern, involving high belief in chance and low belief in internal control. The potential benefit to researchers and clinicians of using this method of combining the HLOC subscales, instead of the traditional correlational method, is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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