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Biochem Cell Biol. 2004 Feb;82(1):99-112.

Cell biology of cardiac mitochondrial phospholipids.

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Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.


Phospholipids are important structural and functional components of all biological membranes and define the compartmentation of organelles. Mitochondrial phospholipids comprise a significant proportion of the entire phospholipid content of most eukaroytic cells. In the heart, a tissue rich in mitochondria, the mitochondrial phospholipids provide for diverse roles in the regulation of various mitochondrial processes including apoptosis, electron transport, and mitochondrial lipid and protein import. It is well documented that alteration in the content and fatty acid composition of phospholipids within the heart is linked to alterations in myocardial electrical activity. In addition, reduction in the specific mitochondrial phospholipid cardiolipin is an underlying biochemical cause of Barth Syndrome, a rare and often fatal X-linked genetic disease that is associated with cardiomyopathy. Thus, maintenance of both the content and molecular composition of phospholipids synthesized within the mitochondria is essential for normal cardiac function. This review will focus on the function and regulation of the biosynthesis and resynthesis of mitochondrial phospholipids in the mammalian heart.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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