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Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Apr;79(4):653-60.

Validation of a new pediatric air-displacement plethysmograph for assessing body composition in infants.

Author information

1
National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The accurate measurement of body composition is useful in assessments of infant growth and nutritional status.

OBJECTIVE:

This study evaluated the reliability and accuracy of a new air-displacement plethysmography (ADP) system for body-composition assessment in infants.

DESIGN:

Between- and within-day reliability was assessed by comparing the percentage body fat (%BF) obtained on consecutive days and on the same day, respectively, in 36 full-term infants. Accuracy was assessed by comparing %BF measured with the use of ADP and %BF measured with the use of deuterium (2H2O) dilution in 53 infants.

RESULTS:

There were no significant differences in %BF between days (-0.50 +/- 1.21%BF) or within days (0.16 +/- 1.44%BF). Mean between- and within-day test-retest SDs of 0.69 and 0.72%BF, respectively, indicated excellent reliability. The %BF measurements obtained by using ADP were not significantly influenced by infant behavioral state. Mean %BF obtained by using ADP (20.32%BF) did not differ significantly from that obtained by using 2H2O dilution (20.39%BF), and the regression line [%BF(2H2O) = 0.851%BF (ADP) + 3.094] gave a high R2 (0.76) and a low SEE (3.26). The 95% limits of agreement between ADP and 2H2O (-6.84%BF, 6.71%BF) were narrower than those reported for other body-composition techniques used in infants. Individual differences between the 2 methods were not a function of body mass or fatness.

CONCLUSION:

ADP is a reliable and accurate instrument for determining %BF in infants, and it has the potential for use in both research and clinical settings.

PMID:
15051611
DOI:
10.1093/ajcn/79.4.653
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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