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Neuroimage. 2004 Apr;21(4):1798-804.

The event-related optical signal to electrical stimulation of the median nerve.

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1
Department of Psychology and Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. edmaclin@uiuc.edu

Abstract

The event-related optical signal (EROS) uses near-infrared light to study changes in neuronal optical properties in response to stimuli and endogenous events. EROS responses to electrical stimulation of the median nerve at 1, 5, and 8 Hz were collected from 80 channels in 7 subjects. Optical recording channels were spatially aligned by co-registering the digitized fiber locations with structural magnetic resonance images (MRI) for each subject separately. The co-registered data sets were then transformed into Talairach space to permit alignment across subjects. After alignment, data from channels underlying pixels of a surface projection were combined to produce maps of Z statistics. Waveforms associated with voxels within an a priori region of interest (ROI) over the hand area of primary somatosensory (SI) cortex were compared across the three stimulus frequencies. Reliable early increases in light propagation time (i.e., increased phase delay) were found in SI as early as 16-32 ms of poststimulus for all three frequency conditions, and both an increase in phase delay and a decrease in signal intensity were observed over SI at longer latencies. A split-half analysis of the 8 Hz condition demonstrated the replicability of the response. This represents the first direct comparison of intensity and delay measures of these components of the somatosensory response; further, it shows that these early cortical components are replicable across subjects and correspond well to individual subjects' anatomical landmarks for SI.

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