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Nitric Oxide. 2004 Feb;10(1):25-35.

Stimulatory effect of IGF-I and VEGF on eNOS message, protein expression, eNOS phosphorylation and nitric oxide production in rat glomeruli, and the involvement of PI3-K signaling pathway.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan.


Nitric oxide (NO) is reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of renal hyperfiltration in the early stage of diabetic nephropathy. We set out to determine whether IGF-I and/or VEGF165 directly stimulate NO production in rat glomeruli and whether the expression of NO synthase (NOS) isoforms as well as eNOS phosphorylation contribute to NO generation by IGF-I and VEGF. Long-term exposure to IGF-I and/or VEGF165 augments NO production through increased eNOS mRNA, protein expression and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K) signaling pathway plays a major role in this process; short-term exposure to IGF-I and/or VEGF(165) activates eNOS activity via phosphorylation by a PI3-K/Akt dependent pathway. Our data suggest the great possibility that increased endogenous IGF-I and VEGF may be responsible for the up-regulation of eNOS expression and NO production which contributes to glomerular hyperfiltration in early diabetic kidneys. IGF-I is a newly described growth factor that up-regulates eNOS expression and PI3-K plays a major role in this process.

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