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Cell. 1992 Aug 21;70(4):647-57.

Autoregulation of the yeast lysyl-tRNA synthetase gene GCD5/KRS1 by translational and transcriptional control mechanisms.

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Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Berne, Switzerland.


We cloned the GCD5 gene of S. cerevisiae and found it to be identical to KRS1, which encodes lysyl-tRNA synthetase (LysRS). The mutation gcd5-1 changes a conserved residue in the putative lysine-binding domain of LysRS. This leads to a defect in lysine binding and, consequently, to reduced charging of tRNA(Lys). Mutant gcd5-1 cells compensate for the defect in LysRS by increasing GCN4 expression at the translational level. GCN4 protein in turn stimulates transcription of GCD5, leading to increased LysRS activity. We propose an autoregulatory model in which uncharged tRNA(Lys) stimulates the protein kinase GCN2, a translational activator of GCN4, and thereby increases transcription of GCD5 and other genes regulated by GCN4.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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