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Diabet Med. 2004 Apr;21(4):329-35.

Combination therapy for type 2 diabetes: repaglinide plus rosiglitazone.

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University of Texas, South western Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.



This 24-week, randomized, multicentre, open-label, parallel-group clinical trial compared efficacy and safety of repaglinide monotherapy, rosiglitazone monotherapy, and combination therapy (repaglinide plus rosiglitazone) in Type 2 diabetes after unsatisfactory response to sulphonylurea or metformin monotherapy.


Enrolled patients (n = 252) were adults having Type 2 diabetes for at least 1 year, with HbA(1c) values > 7.0% after previous monotherapy (sulphonylurea or metformin, >/= 50% maximal dose). Prior therapy was withdrawn for 2 weeks, followed by randomization to repaglinide, rosiglitazone, or repaglinide/rosiglitazone. Study treatments were initiated with a 12-week dose optimization period (doses optimized according to labelling), followed by a 12-week maintenance period. Efficacy endpoints were changes in HbA(1c) values (primary) or fasting plasma glucose values (secondary).


Baseline HbA(1c) values were comparable (9.3% for repaglinide, 9.0% for rosiglitazone, 9.1% for combination). Mean changes in HbA(1c) values at the end of treatment were greater for repaglinide/rosiglitazone therapy (-1.43%) than for repaglinide (-0.17%) or rosiglitazone (-0.56%) monotherapy. Reductions of fasting plasma glucose values were also greater for combination therapy (-5.2 mmol/l, -94 mg/dl) than for repaglinide monotherapy (-3.0 mmol/l, -54 mg/dl) or rosiglitazone monotherapy (-3.7 mmol/l, -67 mg/dl). Minor hypoglycaemic events occurred in 9% of combination therapy patients, vs. 6% for repaglinide and 2% for rosiglitazone. Individual weight gains for combination therapy were correlated to HbA(1c) response.


The combination therapy regimen was well tolerated. In patients previously showing unsatisfactory response to oral monotherapy, glycaemic reductions were greater for the repaglinide/rosiglitazone combination regimen than for use of either repaglinide or rosiglitazone alone.

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