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Syst Appl Microbiol. 2004 Mar;27(2):186-91.

Whole-organism fingerprinting of the genus Carnobacterium using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR).

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Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, UK.


Sixty seven strains of Carnobacterium, atypical Lactobacillus, Enterococcus durans, Lactobacillus maltaromicus and Vagacoccus salmoninarum were examined by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The effects of culture age and reproducibility over a six month period were also investigated. The results were analysed by multivariate statistics and compared with those from a previous numerical phenetic study, a pyrolysis mass spectrometry (PyMS) study and with investigations which used DNA-DNA and 16S rRNA sequencing homologies. Taxonomic correlations were observed between the FT-IR data and these studies. Culture age was observed to have little effect on the spectra obtained. The reproducibility study indicated that there was correlation between spectra produced on two occasions over the six month period. It was concluded that FTIR is a reliable method for investigating carnobacterial classification, and may have further potential as a rapid method for use in Carnobacterium identification.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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