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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004 Aug;310(2):687-94. Epub 2004 Mar 25.

Serotonin 5-HT2A receptors underlie increased motor behaviors induced in dopamine-depleted rats by intrastriatal 5-HT2A/2C agonism.

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Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 540 E. Canfield, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.


Gene expression studies have suggested that dopamine (DA) depletion increases the sensitivity of striatal direct pathway neurons to the effects of serotonin (5-HT) via the 5-HT(2) receptor. The present study examined the possible influence(s) of 5-HT(2A) or 5-HT(2C) receptor-mediated signaling locally within the striatum on motor behavior triggered by 5-HT(2) receptor agonism in the neonatal DA-depleted rat. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA; 60 microg in 5 microl per lateral ventricle) on postnatal day 3 to achieve near-total DA depletion bilaterally. Sixty days later, sham-operated (saline-injected) or 6-OHDA-treated rats were challenged with the 5-HT(2A/2C) agonist DOI [(+/-)-1-(4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-aminopropane] or saline either by systemic treatment or bilateral intrastriatal infusion. Motor behavior was quantified for 60 min after agonist injection using computerized activity monitors. Systemic DOI treatment (0.2 or 2.0 mg/kg i.p.) was more effective in inducing motor activity in the DA-depleted group compared with intact controls. Intrastriatal DOI infusion (1.0 or 10.0 microg/side) also produced a significant rise in motor activity in the DA-depleted group during the 30- to 60-min period of behavioral analysis but did not influence behavior in intact animals. The effects of intrastriatal DOI infusion were blocked by intrastriatal coinfusion of the 5-HT(2) antagonist ketanserin (1.0 microg) and the 5-HT(2A)-preferring antagonist M100907 [(R)(+)-alpha-(2,3-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]-4-piperidinemethanol; 1.0 microg] but not the 5-HT(2C)-preferring antagonist RS102221 [8-[5-(2,4-dimethoxy-5-(4-trifluoromethylsulfo-amido)phenyl-5-oxopentyl]-1,3,8-triazaspiro[4.5]decane-2,4-dione; 1.0 microg]. Such results support the hypothesis that 5-HT(2A) receptor-mediated signaling events are strengthened within the striatum under conditions of DA depletion to provide a more potent regulation of motor activity.

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