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J Biol Chem. 2004 May 28;279(22):23267-73. Epub 2004 Mar 25.

Cns1 is an activator of the Ssa1 ATPase activity.

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  • 1Institut für Organische Chemie und Biochemie, Technische Universität München, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, 85747 Garching, Germany.


Hsp90 is a key mediator in the folding process of a growing number of client proteins. The molecular chaperone cooperates with many co-chaperones and partner proteins to fulfill its task. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, several co-chaperones of Hsp90 interact with Hsp90 via a tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domain. Here we show that one of these proteins, Cns1, binds both to Hsp90 and to the yeast Hsp70 protein Ssa1 with comparable affinities. This is reminiscent of Sti1, another TPR-containing co-chaperone. Unlike Sti1, Cns1 exhibits no influence on the ATPase of Hsp90. However, it activates the ATPase of Ssa1 up to 30-fold by accelerating the rate-limiting ATP hydrolysis step. This stimulating effect is mediated by the N-terminal TPR-containing part of Cns1, whereas the C-terminal part showed no effect. Competition experiments allow the conclusion that Hsp90 and Ssa1 compete for binding to the single TPR domain of Cns1. Taken together, Cns1 is a potent cochaperone of Ssa1. Our findings highlight the importance of the regulation of Hsp70 function in the context of the Hsp90 chaperone cycle.

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