Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biophys J. 2004 Apr;86(4):2392-402.

Conformational transitions in beta-lactoglobulin induced by cationic amphiphiles: equilibrium studies.

Author information

1
Centro de Química Estrutural, Instituto Superior Técnico, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal. iviseu@popsrv.ist.utl.pt

Abstract

The conformational transition from the native state in water ("beta-state") to a state containing a considerable amount of alpha-helices ("alpha-state") was studied for the protein beta-lactoglobulin (BLG), from bovine milk, in several colloidal solutions containing mixed micelles or spontaneous vesicles. These aggregates were formed in the bicationic system containing the surfactant dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride (DTAC) and the lipid didodecyldimethylammonium bromide (DDAB). The beta-->alpha transition in BLG, investigated by far-ultraviolet circular dichroism spectroscopy, is induced to the same protein alpha-state by pure and mixed DDAB/DTAC micelles or vesicles. This implies a similar interaction mechanism of BLG with DDAB or DTAC, once the colloidal aggregates are formed. In premicelle DTAC solutions, the fraction of alpha-helix is lower and increases with the DTAC concentration. DDAB and DTAC also promote conformational changes in the protein tertiary structure that expose the tryptophans to a less constrained environment. These unfolding transitions were investigated by near-ultraviolet circular dichroism and steady-state fluorescence spectroscopies. In equilibrium conditions, it was found that higher DTAC (and, probably, DDAB) concentrations are needed to induce the beta-->alpha transition than to unfold the protein. beta-Lactoglobulin may therefore be considered as a model for protein-surfactant and protein-lipid interactions.

PMID:
15041677
PMCID:
PMC1304088
DOI:
10.1016/S0006-3495(04)74296-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center