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Anesth Analg. 2004 Apr;98(4):1077-81, table of contents.

The efficacy of continuous fascia iliaca compartment block for pain management in burn patients undergoing skin grafting procedures.

Author information

1
Burn Center, Queen Astrid Military Hospital, Military Medical Research Program and Development Committee, Brussels, Belgium. Olivier.Cuignet@smd.be

Abstract

Postoperative pain from split skin donor sites is often more intense than the pain at the grafted site. In this prospective, randomized, double-blind study we assessed the efficacy of a continuous fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) in reducing the pain at the thigh donor site. Twenty patients, with a total burn surface area of 16% +/- 13% (mean +/- SD) were randomized 1:1 to receive either ropivacaine 0.2% or saline 0.9%. All patients received a general anesthesic followed by preincision continuous FICB with 40 mL of the randomized solution, then an infusion of 10 mL/h of either ropivacaine or saline until the first dressing change (72 h later). Postoperative analgesia consisted of propacetamol 2g/6h, IV patient-controlled analgesia of morphine chlorhydrate (2 mg/mL), and morphine hydrochlorate 0.5 mg/kg PO once 60 min before first dressing change. The visual analog scale (VAS) scores were compared using the Mann-Whitney U-test preoperatively, 24 and 48 h postoperatively, and during the first dressing change. The cumulative morphine consumption was compared with repeated-measures analysis of variance followed by Scheffé's method if indicated. Patients with continuous FICB had significantly reduced postoperative morphine consumption at all time points (23 +/- 20 versus 88 +/- 29 mg after 72 h, study versus control groups, respectively; P < 0.05). In both groups, VAS scores remained low but were only significantly lower for patients with continuous FICB during the first dressing change (3 [1] versus 7 [3]; median [interquartile range]; P < 0.05). We conclude that continuous FICB is an efficient method for diminishing pain at the thigh donor site. (250 words)

IMPLICATIONS:

Postoperative pain at the split skin donor sites is often more intense than the pain at the grafted site. This prospective, randomized, double-blind study assessed the efficacy of a continuous fascia iliaca compartment block in reducing the pain at the thigh donor site.

PMID:
15041602
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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