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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 Aug 12;1136(2):196-202.

Poly(ADPR)polymerase expression and activity during proliferation and differentiation of rat astrocyte and neuronal cultures.

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Centre de Neurochimie du CNRS, Strasbourg, France.


Poly(ADPR)polymerase (poly(ADPR)P) mRNA and enzymatic activity levels were investigated in primary cultures of rat astrocytes and neurons in the absence or presence of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and nerve growth factor (NGF), respectively. In cultured rat astrocytes, a biphasic increase in poly(ADPR)P mRNA, associated with enhanced nuclear poly(ADPR)P enzymatic activity, were observed. The first rise in poly(ADPR)P mRNA and enzymatic activity is at the beginning of cell proliferation and the second with the occurrence of cell differentiation. In the presence of bFGF (5 ng/ml) the mRNA peaks and the differentiation-associated poly(ADPR)P enzymatic activity undergoes a 2-fold increase. In neuronal cultures an initial high level of poly(ADPR)P mRNA is followed by a decrease while differentiation is progressively achieved. A limited increase of poly(ADPR)P activity is observed during this phase. In the presence of NGF (50 ng/ml), similar poly(ADPR)P mRNA expression and enzymatic activity patterns are observed. The results suggest that poly(ADPR)P is involved at the onset of nerve-cell proliferation and differentiation.

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